Imagine inserting your broken arm into a metallic, sleeve-like device, then sparks fly, machines clang and voila! You have gotten yourself a nice, fixed arm in a shiny new cast. It is more and more common to see scenes like this on display in recent sci-fi productions. These flashy Hollywood gadgets may seem far-fetched, but surgeons have been conducting robotic-assisted procedures for over thirty years.
Robotic surgery has allowed surgeons to perform complex procedures with improved precision, flexibility and control. The advent of robotic surgery began in 1985 when the Puma 560, developed by Victor Scheinman at Unimation, was used to perform neurosurgical biopsies.