Karina Hofstee Karina Hofstee (1 Posts)

Contributing Writer

Florida International University Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine

Karina is a fourth year medical student at Florida International University Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine in Miami, Florida, class of 2020. In 2016, she received her Master’s degree in medical sciences from the University of South Florida. She graduated from Williams College with a Bachelor of Arts in biology in 2014. She grew up in rural Montana and enjoys outdoor activities such as hiking and fishing. In the future, Karina is looking forward to working in a primary care specialty.

Declining Blood From Men Who Have Sex With Men: Justified, Inconsistent, or Both?

By way of 1992 policy, men who have had sex with men (MSM) any time since 1977 are ineligible for blood donation. We believe the current policy is possibly justified, but certainly inconsistent with other CDC donation policies, and the the American Medical Association and the American Association of Blood Banks appear to agree. Here we will focus primarily on the latter issue, as it pertains to everyone’s health more so than only the degrading feeling that non-infected gay men likely endure when attempting to give lifesaving resources back to their community.


Author’s note: This is a fictional account based on true facts.  Ten years ago D. came to New York from war-torn Congo. I know nothing about how she navigated the international bureaucracy to get asylum and how she then moved here, alone and sick and not knowing much English. I know that in her past she was “a businesswoman” and traveled all over Africa buying and selling things. She even went to South Africa, she …

Bianca Maria Benitez Bianca Maria Benitez (2 Posts)

Contributing Writer Emeritus

Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University

Bianca is a Class of 2015 medical student at the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University. She graduated from Harvard College in 2009 where she majored in global health and African studies. Before medical school, she was a case worker in New York.